the U.S. ‘s annual report about China


A new age where people cannot criticize China’s autocratic manners for fear of its economic and military power seems to be just around the corner.
It pretended to be asleep when it was weak and poor, but has moved ahead with built-up arms and doesn’t even try to hide its ambitions with its increasing economic development. China is trying to bring last century’s barbaric and egocentric views of the state into the world again today where people have been overcoming these faults in one way or another through the experiences of two world wars. I don’t think the world should allow China to continue such deeds.

The Baseline of China around Senkaku is the breach of international law

7 May, 2013 Mainichi Shinbun

On May 6th, the U.S. Department of Defense released its annual report about the military force of China.
The report points out that “in September 2012, China began using improperly drawn straight baseline claims around the Senkaku Islands, adding to its network of maritime claims inconsistent with international law.” over the Senkaku islands in Okinawa Prefeture. It has adopted a negative stance consistently on taking a particular position over the issue of territorial rights, but accordingly the report states that China’s behavior was unjustified.
On September, the Chinese govt set its own baseline to show China’s sovereignty over Senkaku and submitted the material to the UN as a countermeasure to Japan’s nationalization of the Senkaku Islands. Although the Japanese govt doesn’t accept it, China’s public ships, such as those used for marine patrol, have violated Japanese territorial waters in the surrounding sea repeatedly since then. The Japanese and U.S. governments agree on the position of, “We stand against any unilateral action by force, which tries to change the existing state”, and continue to monitor China’s comings and goings.
(The rest is omitted)

An excerpt from Annual report to Congress of th US

The Chinese government maintains that its maritime rights extend to virtually the entire South China Sea and often illustrates this claim using a “nine-dash line” that encompasses much of the South China Sea area. At the same time, Beijing is ambiguous about the precise meaning of the nine-dash line; to date, China has not clarified the meaning of the nine-dash line or its legal basis. In April 2012, Chinese maritime law enforcement vessels and Philippine coast guard vessels engaged in a protracted standoff at Scarborough Reef, after the Philippine Navy attempted to conduct a fishing enforcement action against Chinese fishermen.
Although overt tensions between China and the Philippines subsided by year’s end, both sides continue to claim jurisdiction over the reef. Chinese law enforcement vessels have maintained an almost continuous presence ever since.
In November 2012, China also added a map which contained the nine-dash line to all of its new passports. This action elicited negative responses from other nations in the Asia-Pacific region. China’s increased reference in official government materials to the nine-dash line is a source of concern to its neighbors and other nations because, at a minimum, it creates an impression that China is not merely claiming all the land features within the nine-dash line, but it may also be claiming a special sovereign status of all the water and the sea-bed contained therein.
China claims sovereignty over the Senkaku Islands (what the Chinese refer to as the Diaoyu Islands) in the East China Sea, territory also claimed by Taiwan and Japan. In April 2012, the Governor of Tokyo announced plans to purchase three of the five islets from private Japanese owners. In response, in September 2012, the Government of Japan purchased the three islands. China protested the move and since that time has regularly sent maritime law enforcement ships (and, less often, aircraft) to patrol near the Senkakus to protect its claims; this has included regular Chinese maritime operations within 12nm of the islands. On September 25, China published a white paper entitled, “Diaoyu Dao, an ’Inherent Territory’ of China.” In addition, in September 2012, China began using improperly drawn straight baseline claims around the Senkaku Islands, adding to its network of maritime claims inconsistent with international law. In December 2012, China submitted information to the U.N. Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf regarding China’s extended continental shelf in the East China Sea that includes the disputed islands.

Thanks letter from Chinese govt to Japanese

This is a letter of appreciation from the Chinese Consul of Nagasaki to Japanese fishermen, presented on 20th May,1920, for the reason that 7 Japanese fishermen saved 31 Chinese crew who had been shipwrecked off the coast of one of the Senkaku islands (Chin:Diaoyutai). The letter had been kept by a son of one of the rescuers, and then donated to the government of Ishigaki.
In the letter we can see the words for the place name that the Chinese survivors drifted to, described clearly as “Wayo Island, Senkaku Islands, Yaeyama District, Okinawa Prefecture, Imperial Japan(日本帝国沖縄県八重山郡尖閣列島和洋島)”. Wayo Island is what the Chinese call Uotsuri Island now, which means that the Chinese Government at the time undoubtedly recognized the Senkaku Islands as Japanese territory. I think this would be a strong evidence that proves the validity of the Japanese claim over the Senkaku Islands.

the letter of appreciation in English

letter of appreciation

Republic of China, 8th year in winter.
31 fishermen including Mr.Gojun Kaku郭合順 living in Keian恵安prefecture Fujian, had a day of storm, were wrecked and drifted down to Wayo island, Senkaku islands, Yaeyama district, Okinawa Prefecture, the Empire of Japan.
Mr.Sonban Tamayose 玉代勢孫伴 living in Ishigaki village, Yaeyama county, Okinawa Prefecture, the Empire of Japan, was kind enough to give aid to them and return them safely to their home country. You reallly achieved a great thing. So we thank you here and offer a letter of appreciation to you with our whole heart.

Republic of China Consul to Nagasaki 馮冕
Republic of China 9th year 20th May